High Blood Pressure or Hypertension nowadays is a very common health issue faced by so many people. High Blood pressure can lead to serious health issues if not managed or treated in the stipulated time. High Blood pressure increases the risk of heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and many other health issues. But to treat the problem of high blood pressure, it is very important to know about the symptoms of high blood pressure and the causes of high blood pressure. So, let’s know more about high blood pressure in detail-


High Blood Pressure

Moreover, another name was given to high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the measurement of the force or the pressure of the blood pushing against blood pressure walls. In high blood pressure, the pressure against the walls is very high, and that too consistently. The silent killer suits the best as nobody can get aware of anything wrong happening inside the body or any kind of damage taking place in the body.


Blood pressure is commonly measured with the help of two numbers, i.e., systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure measures the pressure in the arteries when a heartbeats. In contrast, diastolic pressure measures the pressure of the arteries when the heart is at rest, i.e., in between the beats. The normal blood pressure level of a person should be less than 120/80 mm/Hg.


It is very important to notice the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure if we want to treat them in time and know that we are actually suffering from it or not. But in high blood pressure or hypertension, there is nothing that can be termed as the signs or symptoms of high blood pressure. The only way to diagnose that someone is suffering from high blood pressure is to consistently monitor blood pressure levels.

However, suppose you have the issue of high blood pressure or hypertension. In that case, you may suffer from severe headaches, fatigue, vision issues, chest pain, nose bleed, or sometimes even chest pain too. You may also feel dizziness, nervousness, heavy sweating, or trouble sleeping as the symptoms of high blood pressure.

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High Blood Pressure causes

Normal Blood Pressure- The blood pressure is considered normal when less than 120/80 mmHg.

Elevated Blood Pressure- Elevated Blood pressure is also known as prehypertension. The systolic blood pressure ranges from 10 to 129 mmHg in the elevated blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure below 80mmHg. The elevated blood pressure worsens with time if not treated in time.

Stage 1 Hypertension-  In Stage 1 hypertension, the systolic blood pressure ranges from 130 to 139 mm Hg. In contrast, the diastolic blood pressure ranges from 80 to 89 mm Hg.

Stage 2 Hypertension- In Stage 2 hypertension, the systolic blood pressure is more than 140 mm Hg. In contrast, the diastolic blood pressure is more than 90 mm Hg.

Hypertensive Crisis- The blood pressure that ranges higher than 180/120 mm Hg. In this situation, instant medical may be required.


There are so many causes of high blood pressure. These causes may include-

  • Overweight- Overweight can also contribute to the increment of getting high blood pressure in a person.
  • Improper diet- Improper diet is one of the major causes of high blood pressure. Eating more salt and not eating the proper fruits and vegetables can contribute a lot to high blood pressure.
  • High Caffeine Intake- The consumption of alcohol or coffee a lot can lead to high blood pressure or hypertension.
  • Smoking- Smoking is already known to cause so many health issues, and high blood pressure is one of them.
  • Disturbed Sleep- Not having a complete and sound sleep too contributes to high blood pressure. Proper sleep is also a very important part of a healthy lifestyle.
  • Over 65- Age also plays an important role in the cause of high blood pressure. People above 65 are at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure levels.
  • Some medicines such as steroids, contraceptive pills, anti-inflammatory pills, and so on are also responsible for high blood pressure.


Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can be treated. And there are so many ways available that help in the treatment of high blood pressure. The problem of high blood pressure can be treated by a change in lifestyle. The lifestyle change can be done by eating a healthy and proper diet with less salt, getting involved in some physical activities, maintaining a healthy weight or losing a healthy weight if you are overweight or suffering from obesity, and most importantly, limiting the amount of alcohol and caffeine.

Sometimes the lifestyle changes are not enough, and hence there is a need for proper medication. For this, you will have to contact your doctor immediately. Don’t try any of the drugs without consulting with your doctor, as it can prove to be harmful to your health.