Kaziranga National Park, known for its one-horned rhinoceros, is a perfect place to visit if you are a nature and animal lover. Besides serving as a conservation reserve, Kaziranga National Park is a hub of various flora and fauna. Situated in the Golaghat and Nagaon district of Assam, Kaziranga National Park is a major attraction of so many tourists in Assam. The Kaziranga National Park also comes under the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites. The part is not limited to the one-horned rhinoceros and a variety of flora and fauna but also has a variety of birds and hence is a paradise for the bird watchers.
HISTORY OF KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK
The amazing Kaziranga National Park has a vibrant history too! The history of the Park dates back to 1904, when Lord Curzon, once the Viceroy of India, went on an excursion along with his spouse in this region. On their trip, Mary Curzon was surprised to see no signs of rhinos. Then Mary persuaded his husband to take some measures to safeguard the one-horned rhinoceros, or they will be extinct soon. As a result, in 1905, an area of Kaziranga of about 232sq kilometers was declared a Proposed Forest Reserve. In 1908, the area of 152sq kilometers was added in the 232sq kilometers. Then the whole area was declared as a Kaziranga Reserve Forest.
After 8 years, i.e., in 1916, the area was renamed Kaziranga Game Sanctuary. Then again, in the year 1950, it was renamed Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, and till 1968 it wasn’t designated as Kaziranga National Park. When the area expanded to 430sq kilometers in 1968, it was named Kaziranga National Park. The Park got its recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage site in the year 1985.
FAUNA IN KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK
Despite the fact that Kaziranga is one of the homes to the largest population of one-horned rhinoceros, the Park comprises a variety of fauna. From wild buffaloes, swamp deer to Royal Bengal Tigers and Asian Elephants can be found easily in the Kaziranga National Park. The Park is also the home to almost more than 30 mammalian species, out of which 15 species have come under the threatened category. The Park is also rich in the population of avifauna. Moreover, the reptiles such as snakes, tortoises, alligators, and crocodiles can be found in the Kaziranga National Park.
FLORA IN KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK
Apart from being rich in a variety of fauna, Kaziranga National Park has diverse flora too. Even the flora in the Kaziranga National Park has been divided into three categories- tropical wet evergreen forests, tropical semi-evergreen forests, and alluvial inundated grasslands. The Park is famous for its dense and tall elephant grasses mixed with the same small swamplands left by the rivers’ receding floodwater. Also, the beauty of Kaziranga National Park is enhanced by the presence of water hyacinth, lotuses, and water lilies.
THE BEST TIME TO VISIT KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK
It is better to visit the Kaziranga National Park somewhere in between the months of November and April. For the safety measures, the perk is closed before the arrival of monsoons. Also, the elephant and jeep safaris are available only from 1st November to 30th April. So, to get full-fledged fun and a glimpse of the Park, it is better to visit the Park between November to April.
PLACES TO VISIT NEAR KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK
Visiting Kaziranga and without visiting the nearby astonishing places is not that fair. The Kaziranga National Park is surrounded by some beautiful and pristine places to visit. One of them is the Majuli, the world’s largest river island. Also, the heart of Assam, the bustling city of Guwahati, is not so far from the Kaziranga National Park.
If you plan to visit the Kaziranga National park, check the list out of nearby visiting places and make your trip way more interesting and fun!
NAMERI NATIONAL PARK- The most scenic and wildlife destination in Assam is Nameri National Park, which is adorned with the river Jia Bhoroli. It is the perfect place to visit near Kaziranga National Park. His wildlife sanctuary is also rich in flora, fauna, and avifauna. The sanctuary gained its National Park designation in the year 1988.
ADDABARIE TEA STATE- Addarbaie tea state is a worth visit place near Kaziranga National Park. The place grabs tourists’ most attention for its far-stretched tea-estate and an independent British-aged bungalow, Wild Mahseer. The place is of utmost beauty and will serve your purpose of visiting the best.
GUWAHATI- Guwahati, the largest city of Assam and one of the best-visiting destinations near Kaziranga National Park. There are so many prominent spots in the city that are the city’s cultural identity assets and are worth visiting.