Many of the world’s essential innovations have originated from India. Difficult to think? Here are some of the coolest and finest works for which we Indians can thank.

In mathematics, Aryabhatta’s invention of zero was groundbreaking.

Zero, without a doubt, is one of the key contributors to mathematical history. And we’ve got to thank Aryabhatta because he’s the inventor. India was also the first to use Zero as a symbol and use addition and subtraction in mathematical equations. Like that, in India and around the world, Zero had become a significant part of the numerical method.

An American computer engineer named Ajay Bhatt invented the USB.

Awesome? Well, Ajay Bhatt made his first USB drive—a tiny storage device that can store and transfer large sections of data. It can be conveniently shipped and hassle-free and is now part of almost every household.

The Shampoo originates from the Mughal Empire. It was used to rub the head.

Created in 1762, Shampoo was commonly used for a head rub in the Mughal Empire’s eastern parts. The Shampoo consists of natural oils and grasses. On the hair, it was used to treat and purify the tresses. Indeed, the English term shampoo derives from the Hindi term ‘chāmpo,’ meaning massage or knead, originating from the Sanskrit word “Chapayati.”

The first board games discovered in India were Chess and Snakes & Ladders.

Before actually board games as Monopoly and Life became common, India invented traditional board games like Chess, Snakes, and Ladders. Chess was born in Gupta from around 6th century AD as ‘Ashtapada.’ Gyandev, a poet of the 13th century, created Snakes and Ladders and, initially referred to as “Mokshapat.” It’s so cool?

The first guru was Lord Shiva, and Yoga came into being in 2700 BC.

Well, India took yoga to the world. The origins of yoga can be followed back to the first yoga guru, Lord Shiva. It has moral, physical, psychological advantages and is suited for any generation. This balanced way to life was viewed by Indus Saraswati as an ‘immortal cultural result’ of 2700 BC.

During Indus, civilization buttons were invented. It was made of ivory.

I’m not doing that! I’m not doing this! The origins of buttons can be traced in 2000 BCE to the Indus civilization. Seashells were made of buttons around 5,000 years ago. They were shaped, and small holes were converted into geometric forms. Buttons were used before, but people eventually began to use them for ornamental purposes to tie garments.

In the 3rd CE century, Indian doctor Sushruta invented cataract surgery.

Cataract operations are another advance in medicine, and for that, we must thank Sushruta, an Indian scientist. In the 3rd century CE, he invented this activity. He used to do this procedure using a curved needle (called Jabamukhi Salaka), which raised the lens and then moved the cataract back into the eye. He used warm butter to soak his eyes and then placed bandages on them until healed.

In 1895, the first radio wave receiver was invented by Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose.

Although historians attribute wireless communications to Guglielmo Marconi, the first radio receiver in 1895 was invented by Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, who used it as the first radio station. Two years before Marconi, Bose demonstrated the application of electronics. Today, data can be passed on in a couple of seconds, thanks to Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, without the need for cables from one side of the earth to the other.

Sushruta conducted rhinoplasty in India for the first time in 600 BC.

Indian doctor Sushruta carried out the first nasal repair with a paramedical forehead flap to perform the procedure. The Sushruta Samhita has also written a long and complete Sanskrit text, which talks briefly about various activity forms.

The Indian physicist Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany invented Fiber Optics.

Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany, an Indian physicist, is renowned for his work on fiber optics. He is also regarded as the ‘father of fiber optics.’ He invented the word himself, reportedly. In 1960, Kapany presented his term in Science America, wrote the first book on the new field, and played an important role both as a researcher and as a member of many companies in optical technology.

In the Indus Valley Civilization, the scale or rule was first invented in 1500 BC.

Believe it or not, around 1500 BCE, the monarch or the Mohenjo-Daro ruler was first conceived in the Indus Valley civilization. It was made of ivory and was divided into several 33.5 mm units.

The scale was invented in the civilization of the Indus Valley between 2400 BC-1800 BC.

The weighing scale is yet another development dating from the Indus Valley Civilization. It was used for weighing and comparing goods in commerce between 2400 BC-1800 BC.

Sushruta first conducted plastic surgery in India.

This may be a surprise, but reconstructive operations and cosmetic operations took place in India around 800 BC. And Sushruta was also an essential contributor to plastic surgery as a surgeon who discovered a cure for lithiasis. The “Plastic Surgery Dad” is also known.