There’s a strong correlation between diabetes and air pollution.

A new study found a strong link between pollution levels and diabetes, which was intended to quantify the negative effects of poor air quality. The authors expect that the conclusion will aid in shaping future regulations.

Additional studies have been released that demonstrate a direct link exists between diabetes and air pollution caused by traffic. 

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Type 2 diabetes mellitus, which is also brought on by tobacco smoke, has previously been linked to exposure to air contaminants from combustion engines. Experts believe that particulate particles and nitrogen dioxide in particular are major contributors to this.

Long-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter increases the risk of reduced insulin-dependent glucose absorption, which can result in resistance; meanwhile, impaired?-cell activity can lower insulin production and encourage the storage of subcutaneous fat. 

A recent review of air quality and health data from southern Germany indicates that pollution raises the possibility that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) will develop from prediabetes.

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Researchers employed linear regression models to search for correlations between fasting samples of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), glucose, insulin, leptin, HbA1c, and C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and local pollution in 2,944 individuals. Effect estimates were computed for all trial participants, including those without diabetes, those at risk for diabetes, and those with diabetes.

“Air pollution from traffic is a contributing factor to whether or not type 2 diabetes manifests and when it does,” said Annette Peters, PhD, a co-author of the study and the director of the Institute of Epidemiology II at Helmholtz Zentrum München as well as the head of epidemiology at the German Centre for Diabetes Research. “Knowing the risk factors precisely is essential to combating the rising prevalence of diabetes.”