One of the most traditional and enduring garden plants is the rose. Where do you start, though, with the Rosa genus’s over 300 species and thousands of variants produced throughout the years? How can you choose a rose bush for your backyard garden and landscaping when there are so many different kinds of roses?
Each variety of rose has its ue characteristics and attributes. While some roses have cane-like meandering stems and are relatively easy to maintain, others have gorgeous continuous blooms that maintain a garden’s beauty from April through October.
The Three Principal Rose Types
Even though there are several rose kinds, most rose experts would classify them into three groups: Old Garden Roses, Wild Roses, and Modern Roses. The majority of roses you’ll find in gardens today are Modern Roses because, unlike an Old Garden Rose, they were developed to bloom constantly with enormous flowers throughout the season.
Vintage Garden Roses
The Old Garden Rose, often known as “antique” and “historic” roses, has been grown since before 1867. Unlike Modern Roses, which bloom continuously throughout the season, double-flower flowers only open once. Old Garden Roses have the advantage of having developed over time to become more resilient and disease-resistant.
Wild Roses, also known as “species roses,” are thought regarded as the wildflower form of rose and lack the history of hybridization and cross-breeding that other contemporary varieties do. Typically, wild roses only produce one bloom, which has a five-petal flower. A Wild Rose can be identified most easily by their color, which is almost always pink. In actuality, it’s unusual to discover a red or white Wild Rose. Wild Roses in yellow are pretty rare.
Also read: Wonderful flowers for house décor that last a long time
Present-day Garden Roses
You’ll probably find Modern Garden Roses while you browse Jackson & Perkins’ enormous selection of roses. After 1867, new roses took the place of the historical variety known as Old Garden Roses. As was said earlier, there are several distinctions between the two. Unlike Old Garden roses, which only bloom once a year, modern roses bloom continuously and have larger blooms. Because they keep their color in vases longer, modern roses are preferred by florists and households. The sole problem of these Modern Roses is that they frequently lack a potent, rich perfume and are less resilient to diseases.
specific types of roses
There are numerous variations of roses within the three basic categories mentioned above. However, you can discover some of the more typical ones listed below, along with information on their advantages and distinctive characteristics.
Climbing roses is more of a description than a class. Alternatively, you might come across grandiflora or floribunda climbing roses. Despite their name, climbing roses are not as effective climbers as vines.
They are also known as “rambling” roses and have strong, erect (and occasionally arching) canes that, with the correct support, can be trained. These canes, though, can reach vast heights along trellis walls, garden fences, arbors, and pergolas since they can grow as tall as 15 feet. Climbing roses typically flower more when grown horizontally as opposed to vertically, like most rose kinds. Nearly all climbing roses are repeat bloomers and produce enormous flowers.
hybrid tea roses
One of the most well-liked groups of roses is hybrid tea roses, and it’s easy to see why. The hybrid tea rose produces lavish, elaborate flowers ranging from 30 to 50 petals that appear from long stems, making for a stunning display in any landscape. And horticulturists have bred thousands of hybrid types with them, having a field day. New hybrids constantly replace outdated hybrids.
The grandiflora rose was developed in the past century and is thought to be a subgroup class of hybrid tea roses with floribunda characteristics. Grandifloras, are the ideal hybrid of the two, with a steady growth cycle like the floribunda and exquisite, showy blooms that occur in clusters like hybrid tea roses. Additionally, each group has three to five blooms. Their shrubs are generally bigger and taller than hybrid teas. Don’t neglect the Grandiflora for your garden and landscaping because it is still incredibly robust and vigorous even though it is not as well-known as its close relatives.
Another popular rose class is floribunda roses. A floribunda rose has a big cluster of flowers that resembles grandifloras. It will remain far longer with a continuous bloom than the six to seven-week cycle of grandiflora or hybrid tea roses. Additionally, floribundas require essentially no maintenance and provide a hands-free experience.
The polyantha rose plant is shorter and has lesser blooms than floribunda roses. While some backyard landscaping might not be a good fit, polyantha is ideal for edging and hedges. From spring to fall, these rose bushes bloom profusely, and it’s not unusual to find them completely covered in clusters of tiny blooms. In addition, polyantha roses are available in a variety of hues, such as sparkling white, endearing soft pink, and fiery red. Hardy roses like Polyantha have remained a more popular option for novice gardeners and horticulturists due to their low maintenance needs and resilience to disease. They can be raised in a container or even a little garden area.