Rome is one of the world’s most beautiful and oldest cities. Rome’s history spans over 2500 years, and it has always been a centre of power, politics, culture, and development. The city’s construction is steeped in legend and mythology. There are numerous accounts of how this majestic place came to be. Various Roman emperors ruled mighty Rome, and it was from here, that the colossal Roman Empire grew.
Over time, various monuments, palaces, and religious buildings were built in the city. They now serve as beautiful tourist attractions and reminders of the city’s glorious past.
Rome is consistently ranked as one of Europe’s top tourist destinations, and with sights such as
This magnificent structure is one of the world’s most renowned and iconic landmarks. Any trip to Rome will be incomplete without a visit to the Colosseum. The Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, was built between 70 and 80 AD and could hold 80,000 spectators at its peak. This structure was used to host games, gladiator tournaments, and other forms of entertainment, and Roman Emperors frequently visited it. The Colosseum is easily accessible and has a metro station nearby. It is located to the southwest of the main terminus train station.
St. Peter’s Square
The Vatican is a small country within country located in Rome. This independent state is one of the world’s most important religious sites. St. Peter’s Square is an iconic location where many significant events have occurred. The square is circular and is framed by two massive sets of colonnades and many religious statues.
St. Peter’s Basilica
St. Peter’s Basilica, possibly the most recognisable and celebrated religious building in the world, stands as a true triumph of the power and decadence of the Catholic religion. It is regarded as one of the holiest shrines for its adherents. The Basilica, which stands at the far end of St. Peter’s Square, has a beautifully designed front facade crowned with statues of the Apostles and Jesus. The interiors are simply stunning.
The mighty Pantheon is one of Rome’s most famous attractions and one of the best-preserved ancient Roman buildings globally.
The current structure, built in 118 AD by Emperor Hadrian, was built on the site of an earlier temple commissioned by Agrippa. A rectangular porch lined with massive columns and a dedication to Agrippa on the triangular pediment stands at the front of the building. The interior features a magnificent dome with a series of stone patterns and a central coffer that allows light to enter.
There aren’t many fountains in the world that are as ornately decorated and sculpted as the Trevi Fountain. The fountain, built-in 1762 by Nicola Salvi, pays homage to the Roman God Oceanus, who can be seen riding his chariot pulled by Tritons and taming several Hippocamps. The sculptures are exquisitely detailed, and the entire facade and fountain are works of art in their own right.
The 135 Spanish Steps, located in the Piazza di Spagna and the Piazza Trinita Dei Monti, were built in 1725 to bridge the gap and slope between these two popular squares. Each of the 135 steps has a broad stone ledge and is surrounded by stone walls. A large crucifix obelisk and numerous inscriptions carved into the stone can be found at the top of the steps. The Piazza di Spagna, located at the bottom of the steps, is spacious and home to various shops and cafes.
The Roman Forum
The Roman Forum is of one the most ancient monuments of Rome. It is possibly one of the most important Roman ruins in Italy. There were several temples, squares, and arches here, including the temples of Saturn, Titus, Vesta, and the Arch of Severus. Many of these structures are still standing today, and some of the arches, building foundations, and walls can still be seen.
The Sistine Chapel
The Sistine Chapel, which is part of the Vatican museum complex, is one of the most famous religious chapels globally, with a stunning amount of detail and iconography. The Sistine Chapel, located in the Apostolic Palace in Vatican City, was extensively restored in the 1400s and is the site of the papal enclave – it is here that a new pope is chosen. The Sistine Chapel is famous for its elaborate and detailed decorations, including Michelangelo’s Last Judgement fresco and ceiling artwork.
Various popes amassed this treasure trove of classical and historical artwork over many centuries. It contained some of the world’s most important works of art. The museums, which are located within the borders of the Vatican state, house over 70,000 pieces of artwork.
A dual ticket can be purchased to see both the Sistine Chapel and the museums, and it is recommended that enough time be allotted to see both. The museums are divided into several sections, including the Museo Pio-Clementino, the Museo Chiaramonti, the Museo Gregoriano Etrusco, and the Museo Gregoriano Egiziano, each of which contains different artworks and themes.
The Piazza Navona
The Piazza Navona was built in the 15th century on the site of Domitian’s stadium and has remained a popular tourist attraction ever since. The square is a great place to visit while walking through the city centre because it is close to the Pantheon and the Trevi Fountain. This large square is usually crowded with artists and street vendors, and the surrounding buildings perfectly frame the open space.